: The truth about the Mughals #WorldNEWSAll Under the Mughals India became the richest country in the world, with about 25% of the worlds wealth, and 25% of world trade. In recent years attempts have
The truth about the Mughals #WorldNEWSAll
Under the Mughals India became the richest country in the world, with about 25% of the worlds wealth, and 25% of world trade.
In recent years attempts have been made in India by some Hindutva zealots to paint the Mughals as devils, thieves and religious bigots.
The famous Mughal Gardens in Rashtrapati Bhawan has been renamed as Amrit Udyan, and the NCERT (National Council for Research and Training) has omitted some chapters of Mughal history from the school syllabus.
But what is the truth about the Mughals?
I have often said that the test of every political activity and every political system is one, and only one : does it raise the standard of living of the people? Does it give the people better lives?
From that standpoint there can be no doubt that Mughal rule greatly benefited India. Under the Mughals India became the richest country in the world, with about 25% of the worlds wealth, and 25% of world trade.
Far from looting India, the Mughals made Indians (including Hindus) prosperous.
Babur, the first Mughal ruler
Babur, the first Mughal ruler, was no doubt a foreigner, but his grandson Akbar was certainly not.
Akbar was born here in India, identified himself as an Indian, and looked after the welfare of the people here. So also were his descendants. So to call the Mughals foreigners and colonialists is silly and inane.
According to Prof Angus Maddison, Professor at Groningen University, Netherlands, and Hony Professor at Cambridge University, during the Mughal period (1526–1858 AD) India experienced unprecedented prosperity in world history.
The gross domestic product of India in the 16th century was estimated at about 25. 1% of the world economy.
An estimate of Indias pre-colonial economy puts the annual revenue of Emperor Akbars treasury in 1600 AD at £17. 5 million (in contrast to the entire treasury of Great Britain two hundred years later in 1800 AD, which totalled £16 million).
The gross domestic product of Mughal India in 1600 AD was estimated at about 24. 3% the world economy.
English politician and diplomat Sir Thomas Roe MP (1581-1644) being received by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir in 1616.
By this time the Mughal Empire had expanded to include almost 90 per cent of South Asia, and enforced a uniform customs and tax-administration system. In 1700 AD the exchequer of the Emperor Aurangzeb reported an annual revenue of more than £100 million.
After the British conquered India they destroyed our massive handicraft industry, and reduced our share of the worlds wealth and trade to less than 3%. From being prosperous and rich, we became a poor country, with a huge number of our people becoming unemployed, destitute and beggars.