: Is Govt trying to hide something by delaying census? #WorldNEWSAll The government must expedite conduct of national census without any further delay to help a wide range of policy decisions and resource
Is Govt trying to hide something by delaying census? #WorldNEWSAll
The government must expedite conduct of national census without any further delay to help a wide range of policy decisions and resource allocation processes.
India has been undertaking census operations every ten years since 1881 without any break till now. However the census operations which were to take place in 2021 were postponed due to Covid pandemic and are yet to take place.
With the pandemic way behind us, there is no justification in not holding the census till now even as we have had elections in several states including Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Maharashtra while five states including Karnataka are going for elections this year.
The national census is an important tool for gathering information about the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the population. It helps in planning and allocation of resources for various programmes like health, education, housing, transportation, literacy rates, sex ratio and provision of basic amenities.
The census data helps in redeploying resources and in understanding the changing trends in the society. It is also used for delimitation of constituencies for electoral process and providing representation to all categories. In fact there are so many benefits of holding census that all these can’t be enumerated in this article.
So why is the government fighting shy in ordering a full fledged census? Is it afraid that some of the narrative it has built up would be exposed by facts and figures? Has it been making tall claims about basic amenities and developmental projects which might be countered by the figures emerging from a census?
By all accounts so far, the census operations are not likely to begin before July this year and it normally takes a year for the collection and analysis of the massive data that is collected. This would mean that the figures would emerge only after the crucial Lok Sabha elections next year.
Some of the significant areas from which the data would be keenly watched would be the pattern of population growth, literacy figures among different sections of society, economic status among communities and regions, parameters on health and education across the country, reach of schemes including Beti Padhao Beti Bachao, MANREGA, direct benefits and several other schemes.
The 2011 census showed that the sex ratio had improved from 933 in 2001 to 940 in 2011. It was still much less than the ideal and therefore there would be tremendous interest in finding the current ratio. Similarly the overall literacy rate was 74. 04 per cent with the male literacy rate at 82. 14 per cent and the female literacy rate at 65. 46 per cent.
Another figure which would be keenly watched would be the growth of population among various communities.